Self-Mapped Learning Pathways

This page is a quick reference list of research, articles, blogs, and other resources related to Self-Mapped Learning Pathways (and related concepts of Dual Layer MOOCs and Customizable Modalities).

What are “Self-Mapped Learning Pathways”?

See something missing, or have something new to add? Email matt (at) mattcrosslin (dot) com


Bali, M. & Caines, A. (2018). A call for promoting ownership, equity, and agency in faculty development via connected learningInternational Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 15(46).

Crosslin, M. (2018). Chapter 13: Advanced Course Design. In Creating Online Learning Experiences: A Brief Guide to Online Courses, from Small and Private to Massive and Open (pp. 161-170). Arlington, Texas: Mavs OpenPress.

Crosslin, M. (2018). Exploring self-regulated learning choices in a customisable learning pathway MOOCAustralasian Journal of Educational Technology, 34(1), 131-144.

Crosslin, M., Dellinger, J. T., Joksimovic, S., Kovanovic, V., & Gaševic, D. (2018). Customizable modalities for individualized learning: Examining patterns of engagement in dual-layer MOOCsOnline Learning Journal, 22 (1). 19-38.

Kilgore, W., & Al-Freih, M. (2017). MOOCs as an innovative pedagogical design laboratory. International Journal on Innovations in Online Education, 1(1).

Crosslin, M. (2016). Customizable modality pathway learning design: Exploring personalized learning choices through a lens of self-regulated learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Texas, Denton, TX.

Crosslin, M., & Wakefield, J. S. (2016). What’s cooking in the MOOC kitchen: Layered MOOCs. TechTrends, 60(2), 98-101.

Rose, C. P., Ferschke, O., Tomar, G., Yang, D., Howley, I., Aleven, V., Siemens, G., Crosslin, M., Gasevic, D., & Baker, R. (2015). Challenges and opportunities of dual-layer MOOCs: Reflections from an edX deployment studyProceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2015). Gothenburg, Sweden.

Dawson, S., Joksimovic, S., Kovanovic, V., Gaševic, D., & Siemens, G. (2015). Recognising learner autonomy: Lessons and reflections from a joint x/c MOOC. Proceedings of Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia 2015, Melbourne, 117-129.

Crosslin, M., & Dellinger, J. T. (2015). Lessons learned while designing and implementing a multiple pathways xMOOC + cMOOC. In D. Slykhuis, & G. Marks (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2015 (pp. 250-255). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Blog Posts

Hybrid MOOCs and Dual-Layer/Self-Mapped Learning Pathways MOOCs: My Perspective on the Differences by Matt Crosslin (February 27, 2018)

Documenting Customizable Pathways by Leigh A. Hall (April 10, 2017)

Dual Pathways in Online Learning by Leigh A. Hall (April 3, 2017)

Creating a Self-Mapped Learning Pathway by Matt Crosslin (March 28, 2017)

Personalized Learning Versus Dungeons and Dragons by Matt Crosslin (July 12, 2016)

Evolution of the Dual-Layer/Customizable Pathways Design by Matt Crosslin (June 14, 2016)

Can the Students Speak for Themselves? by Matt Crosslin (Februry 23, 2016)

People are Not Generalizable Cogs in a Wheel by Matt Crosslin (January 19, 2016)

Instructivism vs Connectivism vs Social Learning by Matt Crosslin (Janaury 8, 2016)

Every Choice is Awesome. Every Path is Cool When You’re in #HumanMOOC by Matt Crosslin (December 28, 2015)

Words That Don’t Work: Courses as Neutral Zones by Matt Crosslin (October 23, 2015)

Digging Into What “Choice” is in Customizable Modality/Dual-Layer by Matt Crosslin (October 1, 2015)

Designing a Neutral Zone in Dual-Layer (Customizable Modality) MOOCs by Matt Crosslin (September 23, 2015)

Excerpt From: Course Iteration as a Reflective Process by Whitney Kilgore (May 6, 2015)

Structuring the Initial Week of a MOOC (or An Online Course) by Matt Crosslin (March 13, 2015)

The Mirage of Measurable Success by Matt Crosslin (January 20, 2015)

Measuring Success in MOOCs (or More Specifically, DALMOOC) by Matt Crosslin (January 14, 2015)

Visual Flow of Learner Tools in the Dual Layer MOOC by Matt Crosslin (September 26, 2014)

Bridging Learners From Instructivism to Connectivism by Matt Crosslin (July 11, 2014)

Scaffolding an Entire University to Open Learning by Matt Crosslin (July 8, 2014)

Learning Design Versus Learner Design in the Dual Layer MOOC by Matt Crosslin (June 19, 2014)

Communal Constructivism and Dual Layer MOOCs by Matt Crosslin (June 7, 2014)

Why Design a xMOOC / cMOOC Hybrid? LTCA Theory by Matt Crosslin (May 7, 2014)

Designing a Dual Layer cMOOC/xMOOC by Matt Crosslin (May 4, 2014)


Matt Crosslin, Justin T. Dellinger, and Kim Breuer. Self-Mapped Learning Pathways: Researching Tools that Enable Individualized Heutagogical Competency-Based Learning. OLC Innovate Conference – Nashville, TN (April 19, 2018)

Matt Crosslin. Practical and Creative Applications of Heutagogy with Self-Mapped Learning Pathways – Nashville, TN (April 18, 2018)

Patrice Prusko, Whitney Kilgore, and Maha Al-Freih. HumanMOOC: Creating an Abundance of Human Centered Learning Experiences. Learning With MOOOCs 2017 – Austin, TX (October 10, 2017)

Matt Crosslin. Designing Innovative Courses with Self-Determined / Heutagogical Learning Pathway Mapping. OLC Innovate Conference – New Orleans, LA (April 5, 2017)

Matt Crosslin and Justin T. Dellinger. Customizable Modality Pathway Courses: Research Results and Design Implications of Empowering Learner Choice. Learning With MOOCS III: Being and Learning in a Digital Age – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (October 7, 2016)

Matt Crosslin. Utilizing Innovative Customizable Pathways / Dual-Layer MOOC Course Design For True Individualized Learning. OLC Innovate Conference – New Orleans, LA (April 20, 2016)

Justin T. Dellinger and Matt Crosslin. The Impact of MOOCs on Traditional Online Courses. Digital Learning Research Network – Stanford, CA (October 16, 2015)

Matt Crosslin, Justin T. Dellinger, Vitomir Kovanovic, and Srecko Joksimovic. Customizable Modalities for Individualized Learning: Examining Patterns of Engagement in Dual-Layer MOOCs. Digital Learning Research Network – Stanford, CA (October 16, 2015)

Justin T. Dellinger. Innovative Design Approaches in the Data, Analytics, and Learning MOOC. Learning With MOOCs II – New York City, NY (October 3, 2015)

Carolyn P. Rose, Oliver Ferschke, Gaurav Tomar, DiYi Yang, Iris Howley, Vincent Aleven, George Siemens, Matt Crosslin, Dragan Gasevic, and Ryan Baker (2015). Challenges and Opportunities of Dual-Layer MOOCs: Reflections from an edX Deployment Study. 11th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2015) – Gothenburg, Sweden (June 9-10, 2015).


Leigh Hall interviews Matt Crosslin about Custmizable Pathway Design:

Leigh A Hall gives an overview of Customizable Pathway Design:

Virtually Connecting attends and live streams from Matt Crosslin’s session at OLC Innovate Conference 2016 entitled “Utilizing Innovative Customizable Pathways / Dual-Layer MOOC Course Design For True Individualized Learning”:

George Siemens and Matt Crosslin discuss the customizable pathways design (aka “dual-layer”) of HumanMOOC, and how the research into this design is part of humanizing the online learning experience: